Georgia’s large Armenian Minority adhere to what is known as the Oriental Orthodox faith through their Armenian Apostolic Church, in common with the Copts, Ethiopians, Eritreans and Jacobites. Their bishops reject the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon‘s ruling on the nature of Christ (451) , accepted by all Eastern Orthodox Christians. As a result, the Church of Georgia and the Church of Armenia are not in communion with each other, although they do engage in dialogue frequently. The following article from “Notes on Arab Orthodoxy” details an early 20th century conversion of a Jacobite (Syriac) bishop to Eastern Orthodoxy, and provides a neat summary of theological differences between the churches.
A Non-Chalcedonian Bishop Converts to Orthodoxy in 1912
The following is a translation from Asad Rustum’s History, vol. 3 pp. 357-362. It is not only interesting in terms of the description of the ceremony, but also because the conversion seems to have occurred through the Syriac bishop’s contact with Russian pilgrims. Recalling this moment of hope for Christian unity in Syria– just 100 years ago– can only bring sadness, as Christians have now been virtually eliminated in Homs. The catastrophe that brought Bishop Boutros’ Syriac community to the brink of extinction is now being completed.